1. Team Composition: A team consists of a maximum of 10 players and a minimum of 6 players on the court during play. Two female players must be on the court at all times during the match, no exceptions.
  2. Forfeits: Teams that do not show up on time are subject to a forfeit. There is no grace period for any game throughout the Tournament. Forfeits count as a victory for the team that was present and a loss for the team that failed to show.
  3. First Service: The team listed first in each match-up will serve first.
  4. Team Sides: Teams do not switch sides during pool play. Teams may switch sides during the Playoff Round at the referee’s discretion.
  5. Scoring: Rally Scoring will be used. During pool play, score begins at 0-0. The first team to score 21 points or more, with a 2-point advantage, is the winner of the game. If the game goes 21 points, the team first scoring 23 points wins. During the Playoff Round, score begins at 0-0. Rally scoring with the first team to 25 points. Team must win by 2 points. There is no point cap.
  6. Pool Play Time Limit (20 minutes): Teams and referees must keep the games on their courts moving quickly in order to complete morning play. Games will be determined based on who scores 21 points (winning by 2) or to whoever has the most points at 20 minutes, whichever comes first. Winning team must bring score sheet to ref area immediately after game.
  7. Playoff Round Time Limit: There is no time limit. All games are played to their conclusion.
  8. Rotation: The rotation must be in a clockwise direction. All rotations must eventually bring each player to the front and back rows in a predictable fashion.
  9. Front Row: A limit of three designated front row spikers/blockers is in effect at all times.
  10. Time Outs: One thirty second time-out is permitted per game by each team.
  11. Injury Time-Outs: If play is temporarily suspended due to an injury, the injured player must leave the court for at least one serve. A team may drop below the minimum player requirements for the current game in case of an injury.
  12. Serving: Teams rotate when receiving the serve, even the first serve.
  13. All teams are guaranteed 4 games during pool play. For tournament play, first place teams play each other, etc.
  14. Trophies will be awarded to the first and second place teams in the first place division.

Team Play

  1. Serves: The server is the back right player. The server must be positioned within 3’ of the back line (either in front or behind). This means the server may be on the court. 
  2. Serve Reception: All serves must be taken with a legal hit. In general, this implies a bump (pass). A very easy serve may be taken with a setting motion, but that motion must be executed perfectly. A serve may not be spiked or blocked by the opposing team.
  3. Body Hits: A ball may be played by any part of the body except below the knee.
  4. Number of Hits: Each team may touch the ball up to three (3) times while the ball is on their side of the net. Touches off of blocks do not count as hits. The ball may be hit by any combination of men and/or women. Unlike standards of co-rec, it does not have to be touched by a woman.
  5. Spikes: Spiking is performed with one hand. Two handed “spikes” are a violation. Only front row players may spike in front of the 10’ line. Again, men or women may strike.
  6. Blocks: Blocking is normally performed with two hands. Blockers may penetrate the plane of the net and may execute a “power” block. However, directed blocks are not permitted (catch and throw the ball down). Only the three front row players may block.
  7. Net Violations: It is a violation to touch the net once the ball is in play. Incidental touches that do not affect the play may be overlooked, but clear net violations will be called.
  8. Ball Handling: It is a violation to carry, lift, hold or throw the volleyball.
  9. Substitutions: Substitutions can be made at any time, but not to the point that they slow down the game. Each team may select one of the following substitution patterns for each game:
    1. Standard Volleyball: Same gender players can replace one another but cannot also replace other players. For instance, if Tom replaces Fred, Fred may only go back in place of Tom. Tom and Fred can replace each other as many times as they wish.
    2. SAND Variation: Players can rotate in a predictable position, usually either the serving position or at the front left position or both. Players may only enter when their team receives a side-out; men must substitute for men and women must substitute for women.


  1. Pool Play Referees: All games will be self refereed during morning pool play games. Winning team must submit score sheet to Referee Area immediately after game.
  2. Playoff Round Referees: Playoff rounds will be self-refereed, winning team must submit score sheet to the Referee Area. 
  3. Refereeing: Protests may be directed to the Head Referee.


  1. Honor and fair play are the guidelines for the day.

Pool Play – Playoff Round Competition

  1. After pool play, first place teams will play first place teams. Second place teams play second place teams and so on.
  2. Prizes are awarded to the 1st and 2nd place teams in Division 1.

Pool Play Tie-Breaking Rules

  1. If two teams are tied, the winner of their head-to-head meeting during pool play is in the higher division.
  2. If three or more teams are tied, the team with the best record against the other tied teams advances first. Eliminate teams and re-compute as needed. Revert to Rule #1, if necessary.
  3. If ties cannot be broken by Rule 1 or 2 (teams have identical records against each others), then a random method supervised by the Head Referee determines the order of finish. Pool play game scores are never considered in the process.
  4. Space permitting on the scoreboards, teams with tied pool play records may both be placed into a higher division at the discretion of the Head Referee. This rule supersedes 1, 2 or 3. This rule is likely to be invoked when no clear-cut pool play winner can be determined.